Emergency Medical Science

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The Emergency Medical Science curriculum provides individuals with the knowledge, skills and attributes to provide advanced emergency medical care as a paramedic for critical and emergent patients who access the emergency medical system and prepares graduates to enter the workforce.

Students will gain complex knowledge, competency, and experience while employing evidence based practice under medical oversight, and serve as a link from the scene into the healthcare system.

Graduates of this program may be eligible to take state and/or national certification examinations. Employment opportunities include providers of emergency medical services, fire departments, rescue agencies, hospital specialty areas, industry, educational and government agencies.

Learning Outcomes

  • Perform medical patient assessment and management.
  • Perform trauma patient assessment and management.
  • Provide cardiac patient care based on American Heart Association standards including Advanced Cardiac Life Support.
  • Provide pediatric patient care considering the unique needs of the pediatric patient.
  • Demonstrate appropriate paramedic skills including intravenous therapy and medication administration.
  • Reason through emergency medical situations and issues effectively and efficiently.
  • Document practice of emergency medical science accurately and per standards set by the NC Office of EMS.
  • Meet state certification requirements as well as other credentialing standards.

Program Goal

Our goal is to prepare competent entry-level Emergency Medical Technician-Paramedics in the cognitive (knowledge), psychomotor (skills), and affective (behavior) learning domains with exit points at the Advanced Emergency Medical Technician and Emergency Medical Technician levels.

Job Outlook

Annual demand for Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic) in our service area is currently 307 job openings. This is expected to increase by 0.45% in the next year.

Contact Information

Image of Sarah Triplett
Sarah Triplett, BS
Lead Instructor - Emergency Medical Services (EMS)
Phone: 336-838-6238
sjtriplett091@wilkescc.edu

Pathways

Course Requirements

    First Year - Fall Semester
    • ACA 115 Success & Study Skills

      This course provides an orientation to the campus resources and academic skills necessary to achieve educational objectives. Emphasis is placed on an exploration of facilities and services, study skills, library skills, self-assessment, wellness, goal-setting, and critical thinking. Upon completion, students should be able to manage their learning experiences to successfully meet educational goals.

    • BIO 168 Anatomy and Physiology I

      This course provides a comprehensive study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Topics include body organization, homeostasis, cytology, histology, and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems and special senses. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of principles of anatomy and physiology and their interrelationships.

    • EMS 110 EMT

      This course introduces basic emergency medical care. Topics include preparatory, airway, patient assessment, medical emergencies, trauma, infants and children, and operations. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate the knowledge and skills necessary to achieve North Carolina State or National Registry EMT certification.

    • EMS 150 Emergency Vehicles & EMS Comm

      This course covers the principles governing emergency vehicles, maintenance of emergency vehicles, and EMS communication equipment. Topics include applicable motor vehicle laws affecting emergency vehicle operation, defensive driving, collision avoidance techniques, communication systems, and information management systems. Upon completion, students should have a basic knowledge of emergency vehicles, maintenance, and communication needs.

    First Year - Spring Semester
    • BIO 169 Anatomy and Physiology II

      This course provides a continuation of the comprehensive study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Topics include the endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems as well as metabolism, nutrition, acid-base balance, and fluid and electrolyte balance. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of principles of anatomy and physiology and their interrelationships.

    • EMS 122 EMS Clinical Practicum I

      This course provides the introductory hospital clinical experience for the paramedic student. Emphasis is placed on mastering fundamental paramedic skills. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate competency with fundamental paramedic level skills.

    • EMS 130 Pharmacology

      This course introduces the fundamental principles of pharmacology and medication administration and is required for paramedic certification. Topics include medical terminology, pharmacological concepts, weights, measures, drug calculations, vascular access for fluids and medication administration and legislation. Upon completion, students should be able to accurately calculate drug dosages, properly administer medications, and demonstrate general knowledge of pharmacology.

    • EMS 131 Advanced Airway Management

      This course is designed to provide advanced airway management techniques and is required for paramedic certification. Topics must meet current guidelines for advanced airway management in the pre-hospital setting. Upon completion, students should be able to properly utilize all airway adjuncts and pharmacology associated with airway control and maintenance.

    • EMS 140 Rescue Scene Management

      This course introduces rescue scene management. Topics include response to hazardous material conditions, incident command, and extrication of patients from a variety of situations. Upon completion, students should be able to recognize and manage rescue operations based upon initial and follow-up scene assessment.

    • ENG 111 Writing and Inquiry

      This course is designed to develop the ability to produce clear writing in a variety of genres and formats using a recursive process. Emphasis includes inquiry, analysis, effective use of rhetorical strategies, thesis development, audience awareness, and revision. Upon completion, students should be able to produce unified, coherent, well-developed essays using standard written English.

    First Year - Summer Term
    • EMS 160 Cardiology I

      This course introduces the study of cardiovascular emergencies and is required for paramedic certification. Topics include anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, electrophysiology, and rhythm interpretation. Upon completion, students should be able to recognize and interpret rhythms.

    • EMS 221 EMS Clinical Practicum II

      This course provides clinical experiences in the hospital and/or field. Emphasis is placed on increasing the proficiency of students' skills and abilities in patient assessments and the delivery of care. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate continued progress in advanced-level patient care.

    Second Year - Fall Semester
    • EMS 220 Cardiology II

      This course provides an in-depth study of cardiovascular emergencies and is required for paramedic certification. Topics include assessment and treatment of cardiac emergencies, cardiac pharmacology, and patient care. Upon completion, students should be able to manage the cardiac patient.

    • EMS 231 EMS Clinical Pract III

      This course provides clinical experiences in the hospital and/or field. Emphasis is placed on enhancing the students' skills and abilities in providing advanced-level care. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate continued progress in advanced-level patient care.

    • EMS 250 Medical Emergencies

      This course provides an in-depth study of medical conditions frequently encountered in the prehospital setting and is required for paramedic certification. Topics include appropriate interventions/treatments for disorders/diseases/injuries affecting the following systems: respiratory, neurological, abdominal/gastrointestinal, endocrine, genitourinary, musculoskeletal, and immunological as well as toxicology, infectious diseases and diseases of the eyes, ears, nose and throat. Upon completion, students should be able to recognize, assess and manage the care of frequently encountered medical conditions based upon initial patient assessment.

    • EMS 260 Trauma Emergencies

      This course provides in-depth study of trauma including pharmacological interventions for conditions frequently encountered in the prehospital setting and is required for paramedic certification. Topics include an overview of thoracic, abdominal, genitourinary, orthopedic, neurological, and multi-system trauma, soft tissue trauma of the head, neck, and face as well as environmental emergencies. Upon completion, students should be able to recognize and manage trauma situations based upon patient assessment and should adhere to standards of care.

    • PHI 240 Introduction to Ethics

      This course introduces theories about the nature and foundations of moral judgments and applications to contemporary moral issues. Emphasis is placed on moral theories such as consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics. Upon completion, students should be able to apply various ethical theories to moral issues such as abortion, capital punishment, poverty, war, terrorism, the treatment of animals, and issues arising from new technologies.

    • PSY 150 General Psychology

      This course provides an overview of the scientific study of human behavior. Topics include history, methodology, biopsychology, sensation, perception, learning, motivation, cognition, abnormal behavior, personality theory, social psychology, and other relevant topics. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of the science of psychology.

    Second Year - Spring Semester
    • COM 120 Intro Interpersonal Com

      This course introduces the practices and principles of interpersonal communication in both dyadic and group settings. Emphasis is placed on the communication process, perception, listening, self-disclosure, speech apprehension, ethics, nonverbal communication, conflict, power, and dysfunctional communication relationships. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate interpersonal communication skills, apply basic principles of group discussion, and manage conflict in interpersonal communication situations.

    • EMS 240 Patients W/ Special Challenges

      This course includes concepts of crisis intervention and techniques of interacting with patients with special challenges and is required for paramedic certification. Topics include appropriate intervention and interaction for neglected, abused, terminally ill, chronically ill, technology assisted, bariatric, physically challenged, mentally challenged, or assaulted patients as well as behavioral emergencies. Upon completion, students should be able to recognize and manage the care of patients with special challenges.

    • EMS 241 EMS Clinical Practicum IV

      This course provides clinical experiences in the hospital and/or field. Emphasis is placed on mastering the skills/competencies required of the paramedic providing advanced-level care. Upon completion, students should be able to provide advanced-level patient care as an entry-level paramedic.

    • EMS 270 Life Span Emergencies

      This course covers medical/ethical/legal issues and the spectrum of age-specific emergencies from conception through death required for paramedic certification. Topics include gynecological, obstetrical, neonatal, pediatric, and geriatric emergencies and pharmacological therapeutics. Upon completion, students should be able to recognize and treat age-specific emergencies.

    • EMS 285 EMS Capstone

      This course provides an opportunity to demonstrate problem-solving skills as a team leader in simulated patient scenarios and is required for paramedic certification. Emphasis is placed on critical thinking, integration of didactic and psychomotor skills, and effective performance in simulated emergency situations. Upon completion, students should be able to recognize and appropriately respond to a variety of EMS-related events.

    Course Requirements

      Fall Semester
      • ACA 115 Success & Study Skills

        This course provides an orientation to the campus resources and academic skills necessary to achieve educational objectives. Emphasis is placed on an exploration of facilities and services, study skills, library skills, self-assessment, wellness, goal-setting, and critical thinking. Upon completion, students should be able to manage their learning experiences to successfully meet educational goals.

      • BIO 168 Anatomy and Physiology I

        This course provides a comprehensive study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Topics include body organization, homeostasis, cytology, histology, and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems and special senses. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of principles of anatomy and physiology and their interrelationships.

      • EMS 280 EMS Bridging Course

        This course is designed to provide currently credentialed state or national Paramedic students with the most current education trends in Paramedic Practice. Emphasis is placed on transitions in healthcare. Upon completion, students should be able to integrate emerging trends in pre-hospital care.

      • PHI 240 Introduction to Ethics

        This course introduces theories about the nature and foundations of moral judgments and applications to contemporary moral issues. Emphasis is placed on moral theories such as consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics. Upon completion, students should be able to apply various ethical theories to moral issues such as abortion, capital punishment, poverty, war, terrorism, the treatment of animals, and issues arising from new technologies.

      • PSY 150 General Psychology

        This course provides an overview of the scientific study of human behavior. Topics include history, methodology, biopsychology, sensation, perception, learning, motivation, cognition, abnormal behavior, personality theory, social psychology, and other relevant topics. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of the science of psychology.

      Spring Semester
      • BIO 169 Anatomy and Physiology II

        This course provides a continuation of the comprehensive study of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Topics include the endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems as well as metabolism, nutrition, acid-base balance, and fluid and electrolyte balance. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of principles of anatomy and physiology and their interrelationships.

      • COM 120 Intro Interpersonal Com

        This course introduces the practices and principles of interpersonal communication in both dyadic and group settings. Emphasis is placed on the communication process, perception, listening, self-disclosure, speech apprehension, ethics, nonverbal communication, conflict, power, and dysfunctional communication relationships. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate interpersonal communication skills, apply basic principles of group discussion, and manage conflict in interpersonal communication situations.

      • EMS 140 Rescue Scene Management

        This course introduces rescue scene management. Topics include response to hazardous material conditions, incident command, and extrication of patients from a variety of situations. Upon completion, students should be able to recognize and manage rescue operations based upon initial and follow-up scene assessment.

      • EMS 285 EMS Capstone

        This course provides an opportunity to demonstrate problem-solving skills as a team leader in simulated patient scenarios and is required for paramedic certification. Emphasis is placed on critical thinking, integration of didactic and psychomotor skills, and effective performance in simulated emergency situations. Upon completion, students should be able to recognize and appropriately respond to a variety of EMS-related events.

      • ENG 111 Writing and Inquiry

        This course is designed to develop the ability to produce clear writing in a variety of genres and formats using a recursive process. Emphasis includes inquiry, analysis, effective use of rhetorical strategies, thesis development, audience awareness, and revision. Upon completion, students should be able to produce unified, coherent, well-developed essays using standard written English.

      Technical Standards

      The Emergency Medical Science program technical standards have been developed to inform students of the nonacademic essential functions of the program and profession. Examples are not all inclusive.

      Standard Essential Function Examples
      Communication
      Oral / Written
      • Skills sufficient to communicate information and ideas so others will understand
      • Skills sufficient to interact with individuals, families, and groups from a variety of social, emotional, cultural, and intellectual backgrounds
      • Document relevant patient information (manual or via computer) using correct terminology and spelling
      • Interpret doctor’s orders
      • Record patient responses to treatments
      • Establish rapport with patients, families, and other health care providers
      Mobility / Motor Skills
      • Motor skills sufficient to move the hands and use hands to grasp or manipulate objects
      • Mobility sufficient to perform physical activities that require considerable use of arms and legs and moving the whole body
      • Mobility sufficient to perform physical activities that require dexterity and flexibility to move body in a variety of positions
      • Utilize instruments with patients
      • Move around in patients’ rooms and treatment areas
      • Maneuver in confined spaces
      • Physical activities may include:
        • Running
        • Bending
        • Stooping
        • Lifting
        • Reaching
      Physical Strength and Stamina
      • Ability to stand for extended periods of time
      • Ability sufficient to lift and carry an average of 100 pounds or more
      • Stand and walk up to 24-hour shifts
      • Lift and/or maneuver patients
      • Lift and move equipment such as a gurney
      Sensory

      • Sight
      • Sound
      • Taste
      • Touch
      • Smell
      • Visual skills sufficient to see details at close range and manipulate equipment
      • Listening skills sufficient to communicate with others
      • Identify various sounds
      • Ability to touch and locate anatomy on patients to perform physical assessments
      • Ability to tolerate various odors
      • Observe patient responses to treatment
      • Hear equipment/emergency alarms, or call for help
      • Listen to heart, lung, and blood pressure sounds
      • Feel for pulse
      • Work with patients with poor hygiene
      Environmental / Occupational Exposure
      • Frequent exposure to communicable and infectious diseases, secretions, blood, and bodily fluids
      • Exposure to environmental hazards
      • Possible exposure to X-ray radiation
      • Ability to work under high stress situations and respond promptly
      • Work in confined spaces
      • Possible exposure to HIV, hepatitis, etc.
      • Exposure to X-ray radiation, medicinal preparations, latex, and toxic substances
      • Respond appropriately in emergency to maintain patient safety and care
      Field or Industry Professional Standards
      • Criminal background check
      • CPR certification
      • Valid Driver’s License

      Disability Services Statement

      Wilkes Community College is an ADA compliant institution. WCC does not discriminate based on a disability in the admissions process or in access to its programs, services, and/or activities for qualified individuals who meet eligibility requirements. WCC will provide reasonable accommodations for individuals with documented disabilities who are eligible to receive or participate in college programs, services, and/or activities. If a student believes that he/she cannot meet one or more of a program’s essential functions without accommodations, the student is encouraged to disclose this to Disability Services as soon as possible.

      EMS Bridge Program

      The EMS Bridge Program is a degree completion program developed to allow current certified non-degree Paramedics to earn a two-year Associate of Applied Science Degree in Emergency Medical Science.

      Applicants must provide:

      • proof of current certification with the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) or the North Carolina Office of Emergency Medical Science Emergency Medical Technicians
      • current ACLS Certification
      • current PALS Certification
      • current BLS Healthcare Provider Certification
      • documentation of at least 1000 hours of direct patient contact as a paramedic in the field

      To apply, visit the Enroll page. When completing the online application, you should select “EMS for Currently Certified Paramedics” as your program of study.

      For more information, contact:

      Image of Elisabeth Blevins
      Elisabeth Blevins, MA
      Associate Dean of Admissions and Advising
      Phone: 336-838-6145
      ekblevins580@wilkescc.edu
      Admissions Information